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NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES
UNIONISM COMES TO PEOPLE SECTOR
Rich B. Freenan
Conventional paper No . 1452
NATIONAL BUREAU OF FINANCIAL RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Opportunity Cambridge, MUM 02138 Sept 1984
Your research reported here is part of the NBER's research put in Labor Research and project in Federal government Budget. Any opinions indicated are those of the author and not those of the National Bureau of Financial Research.
NBER Working Paper #1452 Sept. 2010 1984
Unionism Comes to the general public Sector
This paper argues that public sector labor contact is best understood in a platform that focuses on unions' capacity to shift require curves instead of
to raise pay, as is the truth in the non-public sector. That reviews the population sector labor relations materials and discovers that: (i) public sector unionism provides flourished as a result of changes in laws; (2) the consequences of public sector unions upon wages probably have been under estimated; (3) general public sector assemblage have a somewhat several effect on income structures than do private sector
unions; () required arbitration minimizes strikes with no clearcut effect on the level of salary settlements; (5) public sector unions have got diverse effects on nonвЂ”wage outcomes just like private sector unions.
When it comes to evaluating public sector unionism, the daily news argues that by bringing up both the cost of'
solutions (taxes) plus the amount of services
sector unionism involves a different welfare calculus than personal sector
Richard N. Freeman Nationwide Bureau of Economic Study 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138
I. INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY
the 1950s just a small group of community sector personnel were
organized and even AFLвЂ”CIO President George Meany assumed " It truly is impossible to
bargain jointly with the federal government. " 1vjrtually no states had laws and regulations permitting group bargaining to get public workers. Strikes were prohibited. Experts of unionism regarded the majority of public sector employees because unorganizable. In 1980 regarding 13 % of government employees were showed by labor organizations and 32 % were have contractual contracts. '
Above threeвЂ”quarters in the states had legislation permitting collective
negotiating by public employees. Eight states acceptable strikes by simply some community
workers. In line with the Current Population Survey (oPs) 3% of government employees when compared with 22 %
private sector employees were " represented by
labor organizations" in May 198O.
What triggered the abrupt surge in public areas sector unionism in the Combined
States? Precisely what are its financial consequences? How have several states and localities managed the organization of their employees? Which will laws and procedures possess proven more/less successful in coping with the unionism of public
employees? In what methods does labor relations in the public sector parallel labor relations inside the private sector? In what methods has the public sector recently been unique? To reply to these queries, I assessment the effects of the past two roughly
decades of research in public sector labor associations. The research represents a significant and expanding efforts by labor specialists. In 1960 comparatively few labor relations content articles in the leading journals managed the public sector; in 1983 not only are there numerous community sector articles or blog posts in the labor jourвЂ”
nals but the field had grown adequately to produce two specialized periodicals,
as well as several books and research treatises. 5
The review shows that while we now have amassed considerable knowledge about the size of public sector labor relations, there are visible gaps inside our
understanding of what public sector unions actually do. The following several propositions supply a general review of the major conclusions and issues in public sector labor associations:
1 . A fundamental difference among public sector and private sector collective...
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