Public Sector Union

 Public Sector Union Article



Rich B. Freenan


Conventional paper No . 1452

NATIONAL BUREAU OF FINANCIAL RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Opportunity Cambridge, MUM 02138 Sept 1984

Your research reported here is part of the NBER's research put in Labor Research and project in Federal government Budget. Any opinions indicated are those of the author and not those of the National Bureau of Financial Research.

NBER Working Paper #1452 Sept. 2010 1984

Unionism Comes to the general public Sector


This paper argues that public sector labor contact is best understood in a platform that focuses on unions' capacity to shift require curves instead of

to raise pay, as is the truth in the non-public sector. That reviews the population sector labor relations materials and discovers that: (i) public sector unionism provides flourished as a result of changes in laws; (2) the consequences of public sector unions upon wages probably have been under estimated; (3) general public sector assemblage have a somewhat several effect on income structures than do private sector

unions; () required arbitration minimizes strikes with no clearcut effect on the level of salary settlements; (5) public sector unions have got diverse effects on non—wage outcomes just like private sector unions.

When it comes to evaluating public sector unionism, the daily news argues that by bringing up both the cost of'


solutions (taxes) plus the amount of services


sector unionism involves a different welfare calculus than personal sector


Richard N. Freeman Nationwide Bureau of Economic Study 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138



the 1950s just a small group of community sector personnel were

organized and even AFL—CIO President George Meany assumed " It truly is impossible to

bargain jointly with the federal government. " 1vjrtually no states had laws and regulations permitting group bargaining to get public workers. Strikes were prohibited. Experts of unionism regarded the majority of public sector employees because unorganizable. In 1980 regarding 13 % of government employees were showed by labor organizations and 32 % were have contractual contracts. '

Above three—quarters in the states had legislation permitting collective

negotiating by public employees. Eight states acceptable strikes by simply some community

workers. In line with the Current Population Survey (oPs) 3% of government employees when compared with 22 %


private sector employees were " represented by

labor organizations" in May 198O.

What triggered the abrupt surge in public areas sector unionism in the Combined

States? Precisely what are its financial consequences? How have several states and localities managed the organization of their employees? Which will laws and procedures possess proven more/less successful in coping with the unionism of public

employees? In what methods does labor relations in the public sector parallel labor relations inside the private sector? In what methods has the public sector recently been unique? To reply to these queries, I assessment the effects of the past two roughly

decades of research in public sector labor associations. The research represents a significant and expanding efforts by labor specialists. In 1960 comparatively few labor relations content articles in the leading journals managed the public sector; in 1983 not only are there numerous community sector articles or blog posts in the labor jour—


nals but the field had grown adequately to produce two specialized periodicals,

as well as several books and research treatises. 5

The review shows that while we now have amassed considerable knowledge about the size of public sector labor relations, there are visible gaps inside our

understanding of what public sector unions actually do. The following several propositions supply a general review of the major conclusions and issues in public sector labor associations:

1 . A fundamental difference among public sector and private sector collective...

Recommendations: Ashenfelter, zero. and E. G. Ehrenberg, " The need for Labor in the Open public Sector, " in Labor in Public and non-profit Sectors, D. H. Hamermesh, ed., New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Aussieker, B., " The Occurrence and Effects of Faculty Union Strikes, " Labor Legislation Journal, 1977, pp. 777—7814.

Baird, Robert N. and John H. Landon, " Communication: The consequences of Collective Negotiating on Open public School Teachers ' Salaries, " Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 25, (3), April 72, pp. 1410—1417.

Becker, E. B., " Union Impact on Wages and Fringe Advantages of Hospital Nonprofessionals, " Quarterly Review of Economics and Business, Vol. 19(14),

1979, pp

Bellante, Deb. and M. Long, " The Political Econoxtr in the Rent—Seeking World: The Case of Public Employees and Their Assemblage, " Log of Labor Research, Volume. 2(1), 81, pp. 1—114.

Brock, T. Bargaining Past Impasse, Joint Resolution of Public Sector Labor Conflicts, Boston: Red House Publishing Co., 1982.

Carpenter, L. E. and D. N. Ashworth, " An Examination of Personnel Procedures in Mississippi Municipalities, " Journal of Collective Talks, Vol. 11(3), 1982, pp. 267—273.

Chambers, J. G., " The Impact of Collective Bargaining to get Teachers about Resource Share in Public University Districts, " Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 14,

1977, pp

Cook, A. H., " Comparable Really worth: Recent Advancements in Picked States, " Industrial Relationships Research Association, Spring Conference 1983, pp. 4914_


Donn, C. B., " Games Final—Offer Arbitrators May Pay, " Industrial Relationships, Vol. 16(3), 1977, pp. 306—3114.

Douglas, J. M., " Injunctions Under Ny 's The singer Law: A great Occupational Research, " Log of Collective Negotiations, Volume. 10 (3), 1981, pp.



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